This article is part of the network’s archive of useful research information. This article is closed to new comments due to inactivity. We welcome new content which can be done by submitting an article for review or take part in discussions in an open topic or submit a blog post to take your discussions online.

Economic interventions are increasingly recognised as a mechanism to address perinatal health outcomes among disadvantaged groups. In the US, the earned income tax credit (EITC) is the largest poverty alleviation programme. Little is known about its effects on perinatal health among recipients and their children. The authors exploit quasi-random variation in the size of EITC payments to examine the effects of income on perinatal health. Findings suggest that EITC payment size is associated with better levels of several indicators of perinatal health. Instrumental variables analysis, however, does not reveal a causal association between household income and these health measures.


  1. HalfonN. Socioeconomic influences on child health: building new ladders of social opportunity. JAMA2014; 311:915–917.
  2. Committee on Way sand Means. Greenbook:U.S.House of Representatives 2004.
  3. Hotz VJ,Scholz JK.The earned income tax credit. In: Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United StatesEditor: Moffitt RA. Chicago,IL:UniversityofChicagoPress, 2003;pp.141–197.